PIERRE, S.D. — Gov. Kristi Noem has signed multiple bills that will become state law on July 1, and has many yet to consider on her desk that have passed through the legislature this year.
Here are some of the bills that will affect South Dakota residents:
County courthouse and municipality business
Voter registration information available to the public at the county auditor’s office will no longer include a person’s birthdate, not even their year of birth.
The change prohibiting public access to any dates that could allow someone to ballpark a voter’s age was signed into law on Feb. 26.
Previous to the bill’s enrollment, a person’s birth year was considered public information on file at an auditor’s office.
Couples wanting to have their marriage licenses deemed legally valid will now have 90 days to do so at their register of deeds office from the time the license is issued.
After 90 days, the marriage license will become void and have no effect.
The statute changed by this legislation required licenses to be solemnized within 20 days of issuance.
The legislation was signed by Noem on March 4.
Governing bodies of second and third class municipalities can now act as planning and zoning board members. The legislation changes state law that required small-town city councils to appoint different residents to serve as the planning and zoning commission members.
The bill was signed by Noem on Feb. 27.
Municipalities will need to include tax assessment documentation from their county director of equalization in any tax increment district application. The state Department of Revenue reviews and approves the applications and typically requests the information from the county office anyway.
The director of equalization has this information for any plats within their county on hand already, allowing calculation of tax bases needed to get the application approved by the state.
Essentially, the change streamlines the tax increment district application process without changing it.
The bill was signed into law March 4.
Lawmakers tied the hands of local governments and any other political subdivision within the state from restricting the use of commerce of auxiliary containers, beverage containers, garbage bags, straws used for beverage consumption, or plastic packaging materials.
The bill was signed by the governor on March 2.
Hunting with drones
Locating and killing any wild bird or animal by using a drone in hunting is only a class 1 misdemeanor offense in the state, and will remain as such. However, under certain conditions a person can use aircraft to to hunt predators and varmints if the activity is only on or over private land with permission from the landowner or lessee. A bill signed by Noem on Feb. 27 now clarifies that the operation of the drone in hunting, or the operation of any drone within the state, must comply with Federal Aviation Administration regulations.
Trades and skills that require licenses
High school dropouts can now practice chiropractic, pharmacy, optometry, or become a registered nurse, funeral service director or serve on the state cosmetology commission under a bill signed by Noem on Feb. 19.
In order to do so in each respective profession, a person must still meet the education, training, minimum age requirements and other criteria before becoming eligible to be licensed to work in such field and positions.
The legislation changes state law that required completion of a four year high school course or the equivalent in order to be eligible for licensure for each profession.
A person that goes by any pronoun, not just “his,” can install electrical work within their own residence or farmstead, including on the premises of a single-family dwelling unit that is in the process of being constructed if the person owns the premises and intends to occupy the premises as the person's residence when construction is complete. The bill was signed into legislation by Noem on March 9. The legislation changes language in state law that lets homeowners whose homes are in the process of being built to do the electrical work without a license and changes the sentence of “his own residence or farmstead” to “the person’s own residence or farmstead.”
To view what bills have been signed by Noem during the legislative session, bills that are on her desk awaiting her approval or veto and any other legislation that has yet to be moved through the House of Representatives or Senate, visit the South Dakota Legislative Research Council website at https://sdlegislature.gov/Legislative_Session/Bill_Reports/default.aspx?Session=2020#SB.
This year’s session wraps on Thursday, March 12 with a day reserved on Monday, March 30 for consideration of any gubernatorial vetoes.