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Corn acres expected up, soybeans down for SD in 2019

Corn is shown in a field in this Daily Republic file photo. (Daily Republic file photo)

SIOUX FALLS — Corn planting in South Dakota is expected to rise to 6 million acres in 2019, up 13 percent from a year ago, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Agricultural Statistics Service Prospective Planting surveys.

Conversely, soybean planted acreage is expected to be at 5.2 million acres in South Dakota, down 8 percent from last year. The estimates were gathered by surveys conducted during the first two weeks of March.

South Dakota planted 5.3 million acres of corn in 2018 and 5.7 million acres in 2017.

Nationally, 92,792,000 million acres of corn are expected to be planted — up 4 percent — with Midwestern states all planning on planting more acres of corn this year than those states had last year. South Dakota, along with Iowa and North Dakota, is expected to have an increase of at least 400,000 acres or more compared to last year, with North Dakota expecting a record of 4,050,000 million acres of corn.

Soybean acres nationally are estimated at 84.6 million acres in 2019, down 5 percent from a year ago. South Dakota is one of seven Midwest states that expects a decrease of 300,000 acres or more of soybeans, joined by Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska and North Dakota.

Nationally, according to the National Centers for Environmental Information, it was the wettest winter in 124 years of record, and was worst in the central and eastern United States. South Dakota was one of 18 states to have a top-10 ranking for winter wetness, joined by Nebraska and Oklahoma in the Central Plains states.

For other notable crops, South Dakota is expecting a 59 percent increase from a year ago in dry edible pea plantings, estimated at 35,000 acres. Barley producers are intending to plant 55,000 acres, up 15 percent from last year. The state also expects a 2 percent increase in winter wheat (850,000 acres), a 3 percent decrease in spring wheat (1.02 million acres), and a 23 percent decrease in sorghum (200,000 acres). Barley is expected to climb to 55,000 acres, up 15 percent from last year, while oats are estimated at 260,000 acres, down 10 percent from last year. Sunflower producers are expecting to plant 580,000 acres this year, up 2 percent from last year.

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